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Title: Can Interpersonal Behavior Influence the Persistence and Adherence to Physical Exercise Practice in Adults? A Systematic Review
Author: Rodrigues, Filipe
Bento, Teresa
Cid, Luis
Pereira Neiva, Henrique
Teixeira, Diogo
Moutão, João
Marinho, Daniel
Monteiro, Diogo
Keywords: self-determination theory
physical exercise
interpersonal behaviors
Issue Date: 6-Nov-2018
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Rodrigues, Filipe; Bento, Teresa; Cid, Luís; Pereira Neiva, Henrique; Teixeira, Diogo; Moutão, João; Almeida Marinho, Daniel; Monteiro, Diogo. Can Interpersonal Behavior Influence the Persistence and Adherence to Physical Exercise Practice in Adults? A Systematic Review, Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 2141, 1-15, 2018.
Abstract: Objective: Motivation seems to be a fundamental indicator of long-term physical exercise adherence. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) argues that social environment plays a central role in the satisfaction of basic psychological needs, which might directly affect the quality of one’s motivation. Individuals who appear to be more self-determined tend to persist longer at certain behaviors. Therefore, this body of work intends to analyze the relationship between motivational variables and behavioral outcomes in the exercise context, having as theoretical background the Self-Determination Theory. Methods: This systematic review was conducted through an electronic search on Web of Science, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO. Data such as instruments, main predictors and results were collected from studies published between 1985 and 2018. A total of 35 empirical studies were considered for a detailed analysis. Results: Results showed the relevance of autonomy support performed by exercise professionals, as well as the major contribution that these behaviors have toward the satisfaction of basic psychological needs, besides the inherent benefits of developing more autonomous regulations. According to the literature, few studies have analyzed interpersonal thwarting behavior and the way this relates to basic psychological needs’ frustration. Nether less, there seems to be a negative relationship between less self-determined regulations and exercise practice. Conclusion: Despite the existence of numerous cross-sectional studies that demonstrate positive correlations between SDT and behavioral outcomes in the exercise context, longitudinal research that analyzes all six dimensions of interpersonal behaviors and their relationship with persistence and adherence to exercise proves to be crucial. However, according to this review, interventions based on SDT appear to be fundamental when it comes to promote the maintenance of a long-term exercise practice.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 1664-1078
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Appears in Collections:Artigos em revistas internacionais - ESDRM

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