Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.15/624
Título: Winery wastewater treatment : evaluation of the air micro-bubble bioreactor performance
Autor: Oliveira, Margarida
Duarte, E.
Palavras-chave: winery
wastewater treatment
Indústria do Vinho
Água residual
Tratamento da água residual
Impacto ambiental
Data: 2011
Editora: InTech
Citação: OLIVEIRA, M.; DUARTE, E. (2011)- Winery wastewater treatment : evaluation of the air micro-bubble bioreactor performance In Hironori Nakajima(ed.) : Mass transfer: advanced aspects. Shangai: InTech. 385-412
Resumo: The wine sector has faced increasing pressure in order to fulfill the legal environmental requirements, maintaining a competitive position in a global market. The rising costs associated have stimulated the sector to seek sustainable management’s strategies, focussing on controlling the demand for water and improving its supply.Some EU Directives were implemented concerning water protection and management. These included in particular the Framework Directive in the field of water policy and environmental legislation about specific uses of water and discharges of substances.Several winery wastewater treatments are available, but the development of alternative technologies is essential to increase their efficiency and to decrease the investment and exploration costs.The main goals of the present paper are the comparison of different biological treatment systems, in particular fixed and suspended biomass, operating under aerobic conditions. Since the accurate design of the bioreactor is dependent on many operational parameters, aspects related to hydraulic retention time; oxygen mass transfer and contact time, energetic costs; sludge settling and production; response time during startup, flexibility and treated wastewater reuse, in crop irrigation, with the aim of closing the water cycle in the wine sector, will be addressed. A new treatment system will be presented as a case study, an air micro-bubble bioreactor (AMBB), that will highlight the advantages and constraints on its performance at bench-scale and full-scale, in order to fulfill the gaps associated with the implemented winery wastewater treatment systems. The data presented was collected during four years monitoring plan and used to develop a tool to support the selection of the best available technology. The present study will also contribute to the implementation of an integrated strategy for sustainable production in the wine sector, based on a modular and flexible technology that will facilitate compliance with environmental regulations and potential reuse for crop irrigation. This approach will contribute to the development of a bio-based economy in the wine sector that should be integrated in a Green Innovation Economy Cycle.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.15/624
ISBN: 978-953-307-636-2
Versão do Editor: http://www.intechopen.com/books/mass-transfer-advanced-aspects
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